FREE WORLDWIDE DELIVERY


Science

    Happy Tuesdays have been formulated with those who are conscious about what they are putting in their bodies in mind. A lot of care and attention has been put into choosing and sourcing well-researched, high quality nutrients in forms that are particularly effective or well-absorbed by the body.

    Each sachet contains 4 formulations served across 5 pills which are designed to:

    • support relaxation and stress-relief

    • relax the mind

    • support serotonin production which supports mood and sleep

    • support liver function

    Below are detailed notes around the formulations and scientific research that supports the inclusion of each ingredient in our 4 formulations: Declench, Positive Vibes, Mind Boost and Detox.

    Please note, any health claims made about ingredients are backed by the European Food Safety Authority.

    Scientific research is constantly evolving. We continually review the latest findings. Have a study you think we should take a look at? Please send it our way: help@happytuesdays.co

    Declench

    Magnesium (as malate)

    Magnesium has a number of health benefits including muscle relaxation properties and also plays a role in protection from psychosocial / psychological stress. Magnesium is also vital in the body’s energy production process so contributes to normal psychological functions, and the reduction of tiredness and fatigue.

    Supporting research

    • Efsa Panel on Dietetic Products, N. & Allergies (2010). Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to magnesium and “hormonal health” (ID 243), reduction of tiredness and fatigue (ID 244), contribution to normal psychological functions (ID 245, 246), maintenance of normal blood glucose concentrations (ID 342), maintenance of normal blood pressure (ID 344, 366, 379), protection of DNA, proteins and lipids from oxidative damage (ID 351), maintenance of the normal function of the immune system (ID 352), maintenance of normal blood pressure during pregnancy (ID 367), resistance to mental stress (ID 375, 381), reduction of gastric acid levels (ID 376), maintenance of normal fat metabolism (ID 378) and maintenance of normal muscle contraction (ID 380, ID 3083) pursuant to Article 13(1) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006. EFSA Journal, 8, 1807-n/a.DOI: 10.2903/j.efsa.2010.1807

    • Vink, R. (2016). Magnesium in the CNS: recent advances and developments. Magnes Res, 29, 95-101.DOI:10.1684/mrh.2016.0408

    Calcium (as malate)

    Calcium is required for vascular contraction and vasodilation, muscle function, nerve transmission, intracellular signaling and hormonal secretion.

    Supporting research

    • Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to calcium and maintenance of bones and teeth (ID 224, 230, 231, 354, 3099), muscle function and neurotransmission (ID 226, 227, 230, 235), blood coagulation (ID 230, 236), energy-yielding metabolism (ID 234), function of digestive enzymes (ID 355), and maintenance of normal blood pressure (ID 225, 385, 1419) pursuant to Article 13(1) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006

    Positive Vibes

    Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine, as Pyridoxal-5-Phosphate or P5P)

    Vitamin B6 is required for the metabolism and the creation of red blood cells and neurotransmitters. B6 has European Food Safety Authority approved health claims for contribution to normal energy-yielding metabolism, function of the nervous system, contribution to normal homocysteine metabolism, protein and glycogen metabolism, contribution to normal psychological functions, red blood cell formation, function of the immune system, and the reduction of tiredness and fatigue. Low B6 levels also impair vitamin B12 absorption then having an effect on energy and mental performance.

    Pyridoxal-5-Phosphate, or P5P as it is commonly known, is the active form of vitamin B6. In foods or most supplements, vitamin B6 is found in one of three forms: pyridoxine hydrochloride, pyridoxal, or pyridoxamine. Inside the body, these forms of B6 must be converted by liver enzymes to the active form the body needs – P5P; hence the advantage of providing it “ready made”.

    Supporting research

    • Cheng, D., Kong, H., Pang, W., Yang, H., Lu, H., Huang, C. & Jiang, Y. (2016). B vitamin supplementation improves cognitive function in the middle aged and elderly with hyperhomocysteinemia. Nutr Neurosci, 19, 461-466.DOI:10.1179/1476830514y 0000000136
    • Efsa Panel on Dietetic Products, N. & Allergies (2009). Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to vitamin B6 and protein and glycogen metabolism (ID 65, 70, 71), function of the nervous system (ID 66), red blood cell formation (ID 67, 72, 186), function of the immune system (ID 68), regulation of hormonal activity (ID 69) and mental performance (ID 185) pursuant to Article 13(1) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006. EFSA Journal, 7, 1225-n/a.DOI:10.2903/j.efsa. 2009.1225 Hughes, C. F., Ward, M., Tracey, F., Hoey, L., Molloy, A. M., Pentieva, K. & Mcnulty, H. (2017). B Vitamin Intake and Biomarker Status in Relation to Cognitive Decline in Healthy Older Adults in a 4-Year Follow-Up Study. Nutrients, 9.DOI:10.3390/nu9010053
    • Efsa Panel on Dietetic Products, N. & Allergies (2010). Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to vitamin B6 and contribution to normal homocysteine metabolism (ID 73, 76, 199), maintenance of normal bone (ID 74), maintenance of normal teeth (ID 74), maintenance of normal hair (ID 74), maintenance of normal skin (ID 74), maintenance of normal nails (ID 74), contribution to normal energy-yielding metabolism (ID 75, 214), contribution to normal psychological functions (ID 77), reduction of tiredness and fatigue (ID 78), and contribution to normal cysteine synthesis (ID 4283) pursuant to Article 13(1) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006. EFSA Journal, 8, 1759-n/a.DOI:10.2903/j.efsa. 2010.1759
    • Ramakrishna, T. (1999). Vitamins and brain development. Physiol Res, 48, 175-87

    5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP)

    5-Hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) is an amino acid that your body naturally produces. 5-HTP helps raise serotonin levels in the brain. Since serotonin helps regulate mood and behaviour, 5-HTP may have a positive effect on sleep, mood, anxiety, appetite, and pain sensation.

    Supporting research

    • Jangid, P., Malik, P., Singh, P., Sharma, M. and Gulia, A. (2013). Comparative study of efficacy of l-5-hydroxytryptophan and fluoxetine in patients presenting with first depressive episode. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 6(1), pp.29-34.
    • Shaw, K., Turner, J. and Del Mar, C. (2002). Tryptophan and 5-Hydroxytryptophan for depression. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

    Vitamin B3 as niacinamide 

    Vitamin B3 or niacin is one of the B vitamin group members that’s essential for energy metabolism. In fact, EFSA has approved health claims for its contribution to normal energy yielding metabolism, function of the nervous system, contribution to normal psychological functions, red blood cell formation, function of the immune system, and the reduction of tiredness and fatigue.

    Supporting research

    • Efsa Panel on Dietetic Products, N. & Allergies (2010). Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to niacin and reduction of tiredness and fatigue (ID 47), contribution to normal energy-yielding metabolism (ID 51), contribution to normal psychological functions (ID 55), maintenance of normal blood flow (ID 211), and maintenance of normal skin and mucous membranes (ID 4700) pursuant to Article 13(1) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006. EFSA Journal, 8, 1757- n/a.DOI:10.2903/j.efsa.2010.1757

    Vitamin D3 (Cholecalciferol)

    Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) exerts effects on a variety of target organs, including the brain. Indeed, it appears crucial to maintain vitamin D concentrations at sufficiently high levels in order to slow, prevent, or improve neurocognitive decline. Its actions include regulation of calcium homeostasis, clearance of amyloid-β peptide, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, and possible protection against the neurodegenerative mechanisms associated with Alzheimer’s disease. Beyond the ability to mitigate deficiency, supplementary vitamin D has a beneficial role in neurocognition and optimal brain health that recent studies have started to identify.

    Supporting research

    • Annweiler, C. (2016). Vitamin D in dementia prevention. Ann N Y Acad Sci, 1367, 57-63.DOI:10.1111/nyas.13058 Annweiler, C., Herrmann, F. R., Fantino, B., Brugg, B. & Beauchet, O. (2012).
    • Effectiveness of the combination of memantine plus vitamin D on cognition in patients with Alzheimer disease: a pre-post pilot study. Cogn Behav Neurol, 25,121-7.DOI:10.1097/WNN.0b013e31826df647
    • Banerjee, A., Khemka, V. K., Ganguly, A., Roy, D., Ganguly, U. & Chakrabarti, S. (2015). Vitamin D and Alzheimer's Disease: Neurocognition to Therapeutics. Int J Alzheimers Dis, 2015, 192747.DOI:10.1155/2015/192747
    • Sommer, I., Griebler, U., Kien, C., Auer, S., Klerings, I., Hammer, R., Holzer, P. & Gartlehner, G. (2017). Vitamin D deficiency as a risk factor for dementia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Geriatr, 17, 16.DOI:10.1186/ s12877-016-0405-0

    Mind Boost

    Vitamin C (Ascorbate with Bioflavonoids)

    Vitamin C is an essential vitamin, meaning it can’t be produced by the body. It acts as a strong antioxidant. It has been linked to other health benefits including reducing blood pressure, reducing heart disease risk, protecting against gout attacks, improving iron absorption, boosting immunity and reducing dementia risk.

    Vitamin C carries the following health claims:
    • Vitamin/mineral supplementation to reduce fatigue and tiredness in situations of inadequate micronutrient status
    • Contribution  to normal psychological functions
    • Contribution to normal energy-yielding metabolism 
    • Maintenance of the normal function of the immune system 
    • Protection of DNA, proteins and lipids from oxidative damage 

    Supporting research

    • Alessio, H., Goldfarb, A. and Cao, G. (1997). Exercise-Induced Oxidative Stress before and after Vitamin C Supplementation. International Journal of Sport Nutrition, 7(1), pp.1-9.
    • Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to vitamin C and reduction of tiredness and fatigue (ID 139, 2622), contribution to normal psychological functions (ID 140), regeneration of the reduced form of vitamin E (ID 202), contribu. (2010). EFSA Journal, 8(10), p.1815.

    Vitamin B9 (as L-methylfolate)

    Low folate levels are associated with cognitive impairment. A recent randomised controlled trial found long-term supplementation of daily oral 400μg folic acid + 100μg vitamin B12 promoted improvement in cognitive functioning in older adults with depressive symptoms, particularly in immediate and delayed memory performance.
    Additionally, folate carries the following, relevant EFSA-approved claims:

    • Folate contributes to normal psychological function
    • Folate contributes to the reduction of tiredness and fatigue
    • Folate contributes to normal homocysteine metabolism

    Supporting research

    • Efsa Panel on Dietetic Products, N. & Allergies (2010). Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to folate and contribution to normal psychological functions (ID 81, 85, 86, 88), maintenance of normal vision (ID 83, 87), reduction of tiredness and fatigue (ID 84), cell division (ID 195, 2881) and contribution to normal amino acid synthesis (ID 195, 2881) pursuant to Article 13(1) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006. EFSA Journal, 8, 1760-n/a.DOI:10.2903/j.efsa. 2010.1760
    • Michelakos, T., Kousoulis, A. A., Katsiardanis, K., Dessypris, N., Anastasiou, A., Katsiardani, K. P., Kanavidis, P., Stefanadis, C., Papadopoulos, F. C. & Petridou, E. T. (2013). Serum folate and B12 levels in association with cognitive impairment among seniors: results from the VELESTINO study in Greece and meta-analysis. J Aging Health, 25, 589-616.DOI:10.1177/0898264313482488 
    • Scaglione, F. & Panzavolta, G. (2014). Folate, folic acid and 5-methyltetrahydrofolate are not the same thing. Xenobiotica, 44, 480-8.DOI:10.3109/00498254.2013.845705 Walker, J. G., Batterham, P. J., Mackinnon, A. J., Jorm, A. F., Hickie, I., Fenech, M., Kljakovic, M., Crisp, D. & Christensen, H. (2012). Oral folic acid and vitamin B-12 supplementation to prevent cognitive decline in community-dwelling older adults with depressive symptoms- the Beyond Ageing Project: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Clin Nutr, 95, 194-203.DOI:10.3945/ajcn.110.007799

    Vitamin B12 (as methylcobalamin)

    Low serum vitamin B12 levels are associated with neurodegenerative disease and cognitive impairment. Additionally, vitamin B12 carries the following, relevant EFSA approved claims:

    • Vitamin B12 contributes to normal energy-yielding metabolism
    • Vitamin B12 contributes to normal functioning of the nervous system
    • Vitamin B12 contributes to normal homocysteine metabolism
    • Vitamin B12 contributes to normal psychological function
    • Vitamin B12 contributes to the reduction of tiredness and fatigue

    A methylated version of B12 provides a pre-digested form of the vitamin.

    Supporting research

    • Efsa Panel on Dietetic Products, N. & Allergies (2009). Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to vitamin B12 and red blood cell formation (ID 92, 101), cell division (ID 93), energy-yielding metabolism (ID 99, 190) and function of the immune system (ID 107) pursuant to Article 13(1) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006. EFSA Journal, 7, 1223-n/a.DOI:10.2903/j.efsa.2009.1223
    • Efsa Panel on Dietetic Products, N. & Allergies (2010). Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to vitamin B12 and contribution to normal neurological and psychological functions (ID 95, 97, 98, 100, 102, 109), contribution to normal homocysteine metabolism (ID 96, 103, 106), maintenance of normal bone (ID 104), maintenance of normal teeth (ID 104), maintenance of normal hair (ID 104), maintenance of normal skin (ID 104), maintenance of normal nails (ID 104), reduction of tiredness and fatigue (ID 108), and cell division (ID 212) pursuant to Article 13(1) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006. EFSA Journal, 8, 1756-n/a.DOI: 10.2903/j.efsa.2010.1756
    • Moore, E., Mander, A., Ames, D., Carne, R., Sanders, K. & Watters, D. (2012). Cognitive impairment and vitamin B12: a review. Int Psychogeriatr, 24, 541-56.DOI:10.1017s1041610211002511

    Vitamin B5 - Pantothenic Acid

    Vitamin B5 is an important vitamin that helps your body make blood cells and convert food into energy. It also has a health claim that it contributes to normal mental performance and play a role in reduction of tiredness and fatigue.

    Supporting research

    • Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to pantothenic acid and mental performance (ID 58), reduction of tiredness and fatigue (ID 63), adrenal function (ID 204) and maintenance of normal skin (ID 2878) pursuant to Article 13(1). (2010). EFSA Journal, 8(10), p.1758.

    Iodine

    Iodine is another brain-essential nutrient, necessary for brain tissue development both in infants and adults. It carries EFSA-approved health claims related to contribution to normal cognitive and neurological function as well as contribution to normal energy-yielding metabolism, both of which are appropriate for this product combination. A form that is highly bioavailable and inexpensive is potassium iodide.

    Supporting literature for iodine

    • Aridi, Y. S., Walker, J. L. & Wright, O. R. L. (2017). The Association between the Mediterranean Dietary Pattern and Cognitive Health: A Systematic Review. Nutrients, 9.DOI:10.3390/nu9070674
    • Efsa Panel on Dietetic Products, N. & Allergies (2010). Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to iodine and contribution to normal cognitive and neurological function (ID 273), contribution to normal energy-yielding metabolism (ID 402), and contribution to normal thyroid function and production of thyroid hormones (ID 1237) pursuant to Article 13(1) of Regulation (EC) No1924/2006. EFSA Journal, 8, 1800-n/a.DOI:10.2903/j.efsa.2010.1800
    • Redman, K., Ruffman, T., Fitzgerald, P. & Skeaff, S. (2016). Iodine Deficiency and the Brain: Effects and Mechanisms. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr, 56, 2695-713.DOI 10.1080/10408398.2014.922042

    L-tyrosine

    The amino acid tyrosine is the precursor to the catecholamine neurotransmitters dopamine and noradrenaline. Increasing tyrosine uptake may positively influence catecholamine related psychological functioning. There is evidence that tyrosine may benefit healthy individuals exposed to demanding situational conditions. There is also evidence that tyrosine may benefit cognitive performance.

    Supporting research

    • Attipoe, S., Zeno, S. A., Lee, C., Crawford, C., Khorsan, R., Walter, A. R. & Deuster, P. A. (2015). Tyrosine for Mitigating Stress and Enhancing Performance in Healthy Adult Humans, a Rapid Evidence Assessment of the Literature. Mil Med, 180, 754-65.DOI 10.7205/milmed-d-14-00594
    • Hase, A., Jung, S. E. & Aan Het Rot, M. (2015). Behavioral and cognitive effects of tyrosine intake in healthy human adults. Pharmacol Biochem Behav, 133, 1-6.DOI 10.1016/j.pbb.2015.03.008
    • Steenbergen, L., Sellaro, R., Hommel, B. & Colzato, L. S. (2015). Tyrosine promotes cognitive flexibility: evidence from proactive vs. reactive control during task switching performance. Neuropsychologia, 69, 50-5.DOI:10.1016/ j.neuropsychologia.2015.01.022

    Rhodiola rosea

    Rhodiola is a herb used traditionally in both Ayurveda and Traditional Chinese Medicine for its ability to promote physical and cognitive vitality. It appears to work as an adaptogen, helping to reduce fatigue and exhaustion resulting from exposure to prolonged stressful situations. Rhodiola is also neuroprotective and promotes neuroplasticity.

    Supporting research

    • Edwards, D., Heufelder, A. & Zimmermann, A. (2012). Therapeutic effects and safety of Rhodiola rosea extract WS(R) 1375 in subjects with life-stress symptoms--results of an open-label study. Phytother Res, 26, 1220-5.DOI:10.1002/ptr.3712
    • Panossian, A. & Wikman, G. (2010). Effects of Adaptogens on the Central Nervous System and the Molecular Mechanisms Associated with Their Stress-Protective Activity. Pharmaceuticals (Basel), 3, 188-224.DOI:10.3390/ph3010188 Brain Health Product Portfolio 15 October 2017
    • Spasov, A. A., Wikman, G. K., Mandrikov, V. B., Mironova, I. A. & Neumoin, V. V. (2000). A double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study of the stimulating and adaptogenic effect of Rhodiola rosea SHR-5 extract on the fatigue of students caused by stress during an examination period with a repeated low-dose regimen. Phytomedicine, 7, 85-9.DOI:10.1016/s0944-7113(00)80078-1
    • Shevtsov, V. A., Zholus, B. I., Shervarly, V. I., Vol'skij, V. B., Korovin, Y. P., Khristich, M. P., Roslyakova, N. A. & Wikman, G. (2003). A randomized trial of two different doses of a SHR-5 Rhodiola rosea extract versus placebo and control of capacity for mental work. Phytomedicine, 10, 95-105.DOI:10.1078/094471103321659780

    Detox

    Vitamin E

    Vitamin E functions physiologically as an antioxidant that prevents cell damage. It also carries the following EFSA health claim:

    • Vitamin E supports the protection  of body cells from oxidative damage

    Supporting research

    • Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to vitamin E and protection of DNA, proteins and lipids from oxidative damage (ID 160, 162, 1947), maintenance of the normal function of the immune system (ID 161, 163), maintenance of norm. (2010). EFSA Journal, 8(10), p.1816.

    Vitamin A (Beta Carotene)

    Vitamin A plays a vital role in maintaining your body’s natural defenses. This includes the mucous barriers in your eyes, lungs, gut and genitals which help trap bacteria and other infectious agents.

    Vitamin A also functions to support maintaining healthy vision, ensuring the normal function of your immune system and organs.

    Supporting research

    • Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to vitamin A (including β-carotene) and maintenance of normal vision (ID 4239, 4701), maintenance of normal skin and mucous membranes (ID 4660, 4702), and maintenance of normal hair (ID 466. (2010). EFSA Journal, 8(10), p.1754.
    • Stephensen, C. (2001). VITAMIN A, INFECTION AND IMMUNE FUNCTION*. Annual Review of Nutrition, 21(1), pp.167-192.

    Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin 5' phosphate)

    Vitamin B2 is an important member of the B vitamin family and also acts as an antioxidant within the body. Intake of B2 supports the protection of DNA, proteins and lipids from oxidative damage. It carries the following EFSA health claims:

    • Contribution to normal energy-yielding metabolism 

    • Protection of DNA, proteins and lipids from oxidative damage 

    Supporting research

    • Scientific opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to riboflavin (vitamin B2) and contribution to normal energy-yielding metabolism (ID 29, 35, 36, 42), contribution to normal metabolism of iron (ID 30, 37), maintenance of normal skin and m. (2010). EFSA Journal, 8(10), p.1814.

    Manganese (as bisglycinate)

    Manganese is an essential heavy metal that is naturally found in the environment. Daily intake through dietary sources provides the necessary amount required for several key physiological processes, including antioxidant defence, energy metabolism, immune function and others. Mn is essential for mitochondrial health, as well as for the effective function of enzymes essential to life of all cells, including neurones, such as manganese superoxide dismutase. Manganese has an EFSA approved health claim for contribution to normal energy-yielding metabolism.

    Supporting research

    • Chen, P., Chakraborty, S., Mukhopadhyay, S., Lee, E., Paoliello, M. M., Bowman, A. B. & Aschner, M. (2015). Manganese homeostasis in the nervous system. J Neurochem, 134, 601-10.DOI:10.1111/jnc.13170
    • Efsa Panel on Dietetic Products, N. & Allergies (2010). Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to manganese and reduction of tiredness and fatigue (ID 312), contribution to normal formation of connective tissue (ID 404) and contribution to normal energy yielding metabolism (ID 405) pursuant to Article 13(1) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006. EFSA Journal, 8, 1808-n/a.DOI:10.2903/j.efsa. 2010.1808
    • Smith, M. R., Fernandes, J., Go, Y. M. & Jones, D. P. (2017). Redox dynamics of manganese as a mitochondrial life-death switch. Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 482, 388-398.DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2016.10.126

    Selenium (Selenomethionine)

    Selenium is an essential mineral, meaning it must be obtained through your diet. It acts as an important antioxidant protecting against free radicals and cell damage. It carries the following EFSA health claims:

    • Protection of DNA, proteins and lipids from oxidative damage
    • Maintenance of the normal function of the immune system

    Supporting research

    • Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to selenium and maintenance of normal hair (ID 281), maintenance of normal nails (ID 281), protection against heavy metals (ID 383), maintenance of normal joints (ID 409), maintenance of no. (2010). EFSA Journal, 8(10), p.1727.

    Zinc (as picolinate)

    Zinc is involved in over 300 enzymatic reactions in the body. It carries EFSA-approved claims for the maintenance of normal serum testosterone concentrations as well as a contributor to normal cognitive function. Adequate zinc levels are essential for stable mood. Recent studies have reported that zinc deficiency is seen in depression and psychosis. Additionally, zinc has been identified as a key nutrient for neuroplasticity and reinnervation of tissues, not only in the brain but around the body. Zinc picolinate seems to have a small advantage in terms of bioavailability versus other forms, such as citrate.

    Supporting research

    • Barrie, S. A., Wright, J. V., Pizzorno, J. E., Kutter, E. & Barron, P. C. (1987). Comparative absorption of zinc picolinate, zinc citrate and zinc gluconate in humans. Agents Actions, 21, 223-8
    • Efsa Panel on Dietetic Products, N. & Allergies (2009). Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to zinc and function of the immune system (ID 291, 1757), DNA synthesis and cell division (ID 292, 1759), protection of DNA, proteins and lipids from oxidative damage (ID 294, 1758), maintenance of bone (ID 295, 1756), cognitive function (ID 296), fertility and reproduction (ID 297, 300), reproductive development (ID 298), muscle function (ID 299), metabolism of fatty acids (ID 302), maintenance of joints (ID 305), function of the heart and blood vessels (ID 306), prostate function (ID 307), thyroid function (ID 308), acid-base metabolism (ID 360), vitamin A metabolism (ID 361) and maintenance of vision (ID 361) pursuant to Article 13(1) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006. EFSA Journal, 7, 1229-n/a.DOI:10.2903/j.efsa.2009.1229
    • Petrilli, M. A., Kranz, T. M., Kleinhaus, K., Joe, P., Getz, M., Johnson, P., Chao, M. V. & Malaspina, D. (2017). The Emerging Role for Zinc in Depression and Psychosis. Front Pharmacol, 8, 414.DOI:10.3389/fphar.2017.00414
    • Wiera, G. & Mozrzymas, J. W. (2015). Extracellular proteolysis in structural and functional plasticity of mossy fiber synapses in hippocampus. Front Cell Neurosci, 9, 427.DOI: 10.3389/fncel.2015.00427

    Alpha-lipoic acid

    Alpha-lipoic acid is an organic compound that acts as a powerful antioxidant in the body. It’s made inside the mitochondria where it helps enzymes turn nutrients into energy.

    Supporting research

    • Saboori, S., Falahi, E., Eslampour, E., Zeinali Khosroshahi, M. and Yousefi Rad, E. (2018). Effects of alpha-lipoic acid supplementation on C-reactive protein level: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled clinical trials. Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, 28(8), pp.779-786.

    N-acetyl cysteine (NAC)

    NAC is a supplement form of cysteine. NAC supports healthy levels of the most powerful antioxidant in your body, glutathione and plays a role in the detoxification process.

      Supporting research

      • de Andrade, K., Moura, F., dos Santos, J., de Araújo, O., de Farias Santos, J. and Goulart, M. (2015). Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Hepatic Diseases: Therapeutic Possibilities of N-Acetylcysteine. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 16(12), pp.30269-30308.

      Declench

      Ingredients
      Quantity
      RDA %
      Calcium Malate
      100 mg
      14%
      Magnesium Malate
      100 mg
      33%

      Positive Vibes

      Ingredients
      Quantity
      RDA %
      5-HTP (5-Hydroxytryptophan) (Griffonia Simplicifolia) (Seed)
      100 mg
      n/a
      Vitamin B6 (as Pyridoxal 5'-Phosphate)
      2.5 mg
      179%

      Mind Boost

      Ingredients
      Quantity
      RDA %
      Vitamin C (as Ascorbic Acid)
      125 mg
      313%
      Folate (400 mcg as as L-5-Methyltetrahydrofolate from L-5-Methyltetrahydrofolic Acid, Glucosamine Salt)
      333 mcg DFE
      167%
      Vitamin B12 (as Methylcobalamin)
      275 mcg
      18333%
      Pantothenic Acid (as Calcium Pantothenate)
      65 mg
      n/a
      Iodine (as Potassium Iodide)
      34 mcg
      49%
      L-Tyrosine
      100 mg
      n/a
      5-Hydroxytryptophan
      25 mg
      n/a
      Eleuthero extract (root) (Eleutherococcus senticosus)
      25 mg
      n/a
      Rhodiola extract (root) (Rhodiola rosea)
      25 mg
      n/a

      Detox

      Ingredients
      Quantity
      RDA %
      Vitamin E
      50 mg
      n/a
      Vitamin C
      100mg
      250%
      Vitamin B2
      5mg
      n/a
      Zinc
      4mg
      42%
      Selenium
      50mcg
      67%
      Manganese
      1.3mg
      n/a
      Beta Carotene
      2.3mg
      n/a
      Reduced Glutathione
      20mg
      n/a
      Alpha Lipoic Acid
      10mg
      n/a
      L-Cysteine
      5mg
      n/a
      N-Acetyl L-Cysteine
      5mg
      n/a
      Co-Enzyme Q10
      5mg
      n/a
      Bilberry fruit
      10mg
      n/a
      Chicory root
      10mg
      n/a